Periodic Table of Arguments

The atomic building blocks of persuasive discourse

Beta Quadrant

The Beta Quadrant of the Periodic Table of Arguments contains all so-called first-order subject arguments. The conclusion and premise of such arguments have a different subject (a and b) and the same predicate (X). This gives them the following form:

a is X, because b is X

First-order subject arguments are further differentiated on the basis of an identification of the types of statements involved. By labeling the conclusion and the premise as a statement of fact (F), value (V), or policy (P), every argument can be characterized as a specific combination of statements. Examples of arguments within this quadrant are:

Schermafdruk 2018-03-19 21.02.02the argument from similarity supports a fact (F) with another fact (F)

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the argument from analogy supports a value (V) with another value (V)


Schermafdruk 2018-03-19 21.01.30the argument from equality supports a policy (P) with a fact (F)

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the argument from comparison supports a policy (P) with another policy (P)