Periodic Table of Arguments

The building blocks of persuasive discourse

Periodic Table of Arguments

The Periodic Table of Arguments is a comprehensive overview of the techniques people use to persuade others of their point of view. The table is based on the taxonomies of arguments developed within the classical disciplines dialectic (the art of philosophical debate) and rhetoric (the art of public speaking). It systematizes their traditional descriptions of argument schemes, fallacies, and other means of persuasion and conjoins them in an overarching framework that consists of four different quadrants:


Argument types situated within the same quadrant share the same form. If they they share the same color, it means they combine the same types of statements. For further explanation and analyses of concrete examples, please visit the pages about the Alpha Quadrant, the Beta Quadrant, the Gamma Quadrant, and the Delta Quadrant.

The Argument Type Identification Procedure (ATIP) contains guidelines for identifying the various types of argument. Other pages on this website include an alphabetical list of argument types, an explanation of the theoretical framework and the applications of the table as well as an overview of associated research projects.

For downloads of academic papers about the Periodic Table of Arguments, please visit this site or go to the sidebar on the right.