Periodic Table of Arguments

The building blocks of persuasive discourse

Periodic Table of Arguments

The Periodic Table of Arguments is a comprehensive overview of the techniques people use to persuade others of their point of view. The table is based on the taxonomies of arguments developed within the classical disciplines dialectic (the art of philosophical debate) and rhetoric (the art of public speaking). It systematizes their traditional descriptions of argument schemes, fallacies, and other means of persuasion and conjoins them in an overarching framework that consists of four different quadrants:


Arguments situated within the same quadrant share the same form, while their colours indicate the types of statements they consist of. For further explanation and analyses of concrete examples, please visit the pages about the Alpha Quadrant, the Beta Quadrant, the Gamma Quadrant, and the Delta Quadrant on this website.

The Argument Type Identification Procedure contains step-by-step guidelines for identifying the various types of argument. Other pages on this website include a short explanation of the nature and use of the table as well as an overview of associated research projects.

For downloads of academic papers about the Periodic Table of Arguments, please see the sidebar on the right.