Periodic Table of Arguments

The building blocks of persuasive discourse

Periodic Table of Arguments

The Periodic Table of Arguments is a comprehensive overview of the techniques people use to persuade others of their point of view. The table is inspired by the classical disciplines dialectic (the art of philosophical debate) and rhetoric (the art of public speaking). It modernizes their traditional descriptions of argument schemes, fallacies, and other means of persuasion by unifying them in an overarching framework that consists of four different quadrants:


For further explanation and concrete examples of arguments situated within the four quadrants of the table, please visit the pages about the Alpha Quadrant, the Beta Quadrant, the Gamma Quadrant, and the Delta Quadrant on this website.

Please consult the Argument Type Identification Procedure for instructions on how to identify the various types of argument.