Periodic Table of Arguments

The atomic building blocks of persuasive discourse

Alpha Quadrant

The Alpha Quadrant of the Periodic Table of Arguments contains all so-called first-order predicate arguments. The conclusion and premise of such arguments have the same subject (a) and a different predicate (X and Y). This gives them the following form:

a is X, because a is Y

First-order predicate arguments are further differentiated on the basis of an identification of the types of statements involved. By labeling the conclusion and the premise as a statement of fact (F), value (V), or policy (P), every argument can be characterized as a specific combination of statements. Examples of arguments within this quadrant are:

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the argument from sign supports a fact (F) with another fact (F)

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the argument from effect supports a fact (F) with another fact (F)


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the argument from criterion supports a value (V) with a fact (F)

Schermafdruk 2018-03-19 21.02.53the pragmatic argument supports a policy (P) with a fact (F)


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the argument from evaluation supports a policy (P) with a value (V)