Periodic Table of Arguments

The atomic building blocks of persuasive discourse

Argument from commitment

Schermafdruk 2018-03-17 21.59.40

The arguer states in the conclusion that something is the case and supports this claim by stating that the addressee has said it herself. Since the argument fits the form q is T, because q is Z, it can be identified as a second-order predicate argument. While ‘T’ has the fixed meaning ‘is true’, in this specific case, q is instantiated by ‘that we are the guardians of the galaxy’ and Z by ‘was said by yourself’.

That we are the Guardians of the Galaxy (q) is true (T), because that we are the Guardians of the Galaxy (q) was said by yourself (Z)

Second-order predicate arguments are further differentiated by identifying the types of statement in the conclusion and the premise. In this case, the former is a statement of (logical) value and the latter a statement of fact, which means that we are dealing with a second-order predicate argument supporting a value with a fact (2 pre VF).

The trivial name of second-order predicate arguments is derived from the characterization of the relationship between the predicates Z and T. In this example, the fact that the addressee said something herself (Z) renders her committed to believing that it is true (T). We can therefore call such an argument an ‘argument from commitment’.

SOURCE

The example is a quote from the movie Guardians of the Galaxy (2014).